Teeth Stains: Reasons and Solutions
Everybody wants to have a white smile, but many people develop stains on their teeth. Grayed or yellowed teeth can make you feel quite conscious about smiling in front of others. Your age, family genetics, oral hygiene practices or habits can cause you to develop teeth discoloration. While these stains don’t necessarily mean that you have tooth problems, they can signal that you have dental issues. Changing your habits or getting treatment from us ( Platinum Dental Surgery) can help you to improve the coloring of your teeth.
As you grow older, your teeth naturally take on a darker color. Teeth become stained with age because their enamel starts to wear off and dentin underneath becomes visible. Dentin is the second layer of tissue in the tooth that is under the enamel but above the pulp. When the enamel starts to thin because of normal wear and tear on the teeth, the latter will start to look more translucent, especially towards the edges. Younger people’s teeth tend to be the same color throughout because their enamel is still intact. When the enamel starts to thin, people sometimes develop tints, pits or spots on their teeth, according to the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine.
Just as genetics can cause some people to be more prone to medical conditions, your genetic makeup can be responsible for teeth discoloration problems. Your family’s genetics can determine the color of your dentin. Your dentin may have a yellowish, grayish or brownish shade, depending on your genetic makeup. That color can become fully or partially exposed when your enamel starts to wear. You can also inherit diseases from your family that causes you to have irregular tooth enamel. Your teeth may also stain easily because of congenital conditions, such as amelogenesis imperfecta, an inherited tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with weak, abnormally formed enamel.
Your lifestyle habits play a major role in whether your teeth are temporarily or permanently stained. Certain types of beverages, including coffee, sodas, teas, and red wines, can stain your teeth temporarily. Foods and beverages with high acid contents such as white wine, citrus fruits, and energy drinks can cause you to develop stained teeth over time because they slowly wear away the enamel. If you practice poor dental hygiene or fail to brush and floss your teeth regularly, you are more prone to developing long-lasting discoloration because you are not getting rid of plaque and staining agents.
Smoking is a lifestyle habit that can not only affect your overall health but can cause your teeth to become discolored. Nicotine and tar from cigarettes can build up on the teeth and weaken the enamel. People often develop brown or black spots on their teeth as a result of smoking.
Many people are also afflicted with bruxism, a condition which causes them to grind or clench their teeth during sleep or whenever they are anxious. This habit can cause them to develop a range of problems including cracks or chips in their teeth, making these more vulnerable to stains and cavities. Sometimes using certain medications or drugs, such the antibiotic tetracycline, when you are younger can affect your teeth’s development and coloring. Other medications and drugs that can cause discoloration include antihistamines, blood pressure medications, anti-hypertension drugs, and antipsychotic medications.
Solutions and Remedies
Changing your habits, such as refraining from drinking coffee or sodas or stopping smoking, can help you to avoid or stop the further staining of your teeth. To keep your teeth healthy and white, it is important that you practice good dental hygiene, brush and floss your teeth every day and visit your dentist regularly to have plaque removed. If your teeth have already become translucent or discolored because of age or lifestyle factors, you can consult your dentist about bleaching procedures or products, veneers or dental bonding.