Tooth sensitivity, or dentin hypersensitivity, is a dental pain caused by exposure of the dentin that is normally located below the gum line. The dentin is responsible for relaying temperature and pressure sensations to the nerves. Exposure of the dentin may amplify these sensations and lead the sharp pain you feel when you eat something or cold, or even when you inhale cold air through your mouth.
It’s an unfriendly dental condition often experienced by everybody either in recent past or presently being experienced. Does the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee make you cringe or leave you with a painful experience lasting a few seconds to minutes? Does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? If so, you may have sensitive teeth.
Causes of Teeth Sensitivity Includes:
- Tooth decay (cavities)
- Fractured teeth
- Worn-out fillings
- Gum disease
- Worn tooth enamel
- Exposed tooth root
A healthy tooth has a layer of enamel that serves as the crown of your teeth—the part above the gum line. Under the gum line, a layer called cementum protects the tooth root. Underneath both the enamel and the cementum is dentin.
Dentin is less dense than enamel and cementum and contains microscopic tubules (small hollow tubes or canals). When dentin loses its protective covering of enamel or cementum these tubules allow heat and cold or acidic or sticky foods to reach the nerves and cells inside the tooth. Dentin may also be exposed when gums recede. The result can be hypersensitivity.
Teeth Sensitivity can be prevented by you but also treated by the dentist via several methods namely
- Desensitizing toothpaste and Fluoride gel application
- Cosmetic crowns
- Surgical periodontal graft.
- Root canal. If sensitivity is severe and persistent and cannot be treated by other means, your dentist may recommend this treatment to eliminate the problem.
Prevention through proper oral home care and having routine dental cleaning otherwise known as scaling and polishing carried out regularly. If you have any questions about your daily oral hygiene routine or concerns about tooth sensitivity contact us by visiting www.platinumdentalsurgery.com or call our telephone line+234 802 1818 185to to speak to a dentist as soon as possible.